VAT, GST, consumption tax, sales tax, use tax – no matter what term, or name, is used it is clear that the taxation of the digital economy is growing in popularity.
Here we outline the tax jurisdictions where such destination-based indirect tax rules are in place.
European Union Value-Added Tax (VAT) rate: 28 EU Member State VAT rates - taxation depends on location of the consumer In January 2015 new rules on the taxation of cross-border supplies of digital services to EU-based consumers came into force.
Digital disruption has laid waste to numerous traditional industries, from the ramifications of internet publishing on the print media to the effects of the Uber and AirBnB models on the car travel and lodging sectors.
An increasingly connected (and smartphone-obsessed) population expects this disruption. Today, consumption is all about the now economy. It is now easier than ever, thanks to infrastructural advances in broadband and WiFi, for consumers to access digital content from anywhere in the world.
On January 1, 2017, Russia became the latest country to change laws aimed at taxing the digital economy.
The specific change in Russia is that 18% value added tax (VAT) is now applied to the sale of a digital service based on the location of the end consumer in Russia, rather than the supplier’s location. Russia, mirroring the EU taxation approach, requires two pieces of evidence to be collected during the transaction and there is no threshold for compliance.
Russia digital VAT looks set to become a reality by 2017.
But why is Russia making this move now?
First, some context. At the start of December 2015 it was revealed that Russia plans to introduce a new value-added tax (VAT) on digital services provided by foreign companies in January 2017.
This new 18% VAT (the standard rate) will mirror similar taxation intentions in the European Union (EU), and is aimed at non-Russian digital service companies supplying Russian consumers.